Dr. Armytage is the author of three leading books on justice reform and judicial education, as well as numerous research monographs and articles in professional journals.
- Educating Judges: Towards Improving Justice. A Survey of Global Practice
- Reforming Justice
- Poverty, Justice and the Rule of Law
- Searching for Success in Judicial Reform
- Monitoring Judicial Integrity: Lessons for Implementation of UNCAC Art.11
- Educating Judges
|Click here for sample of book||Edited Reprint with Updated Research – in press: August 2015This second edition enables judicial educators to develop a more effective pedagogy by focusing on the learning needs, styles and preferences of judges, and by deepening understanding of judges as distinctive learners. It also provides readers with the opportunity to gauge what has happened – or not – in the world of judicial education over the past two decades, including:
In doing so, this edition refocuses attention on the vision and purpose of judicial education. The author presents two arguments: first that the vision of judicial education is to help judges to deliver substantive justice outcomes that measurably improve wellbeing; and second that judicial educators are leaders responsible to realise this vision.
A Journey to Fairness in Asia
Cambridge University Press 2012
Justice is fundamental to human well being and development. Since Aristotle, justice has been recognised as core to any civilised notion of the good life, government and society: government without justice is tyranny, and society without justice is anathema to its citizens. Civic well being is unattainable without justice. Nonetheless, justice is routinely subverted in many countries. Citizens, usually the powerless poor, are denied justice through impunity, corruption, abuse of power and the denial of rights. These are the usual challenges of reforming justice. Over the past fifty years, development agencies have spent billions of dollars grappling with the challenge of improving “the rule of law” through improving economic growth and good governance. But the results have been often dismal. The unmet challenge is to address mounting concerns about equity and distribution. In his new book, Dr. Armytage calls for justice to be positioned more centrally in evolving notions of equitable development. Building on new evidence from Asia, he argues that it is time to realign these reforms to promote justice as fairness and equity.
The story of Srey Lak, the girl on the cover of the book
“Reforming Justice” was launched by:
ANU – Australian National University – listen
Reviews of “Reforming Justice”
- Wade Channell, Senior Legal Reform Advisor, USAID: Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 5/1 2013 “Reforming Justice: A Journey to Fairness in Asia is a remarkable contribution and correction to our history of failed and underperforming projects. The strengths of Reforming Justice are significant and implications profound. His case is compelling…”
- Thom Brooks, Durham University: Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2013 “Reforming Justice is a major contribution to how we might think about the institutionalization of the capability approach and the role that judicial reform can and should play in development…”
- Linn Hammergren: “European Journal of Development Research” (2013) 25, 168–172 “Armytage provides a convincing and unusual set of arguments for revising judicial reform strategies…”
- Sandra Taal, Law Department, Utrecht University: “International Journal for Court Administration” February 2013 “Armytage provides the reader with a refreshing vision on judicial reform. He convincingly argues that justice should be ‘repositioned more centrally in evolving notions of equitable development’…”
- Justice Dr. Munir Ahmad Mughal Professor of Law Punjab University Law College “Cambridge University Press deserves to be congratulated for having published a book…”
- Philip Alston, Professor of Law, New York University and UN Special Rapporteur on extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions “Exhaustively researched, carefully written, contributes in important ways to knowledge in this field, and provides a coherent and informed analysis of an important topic…”
- Michael Woolcock, Lead Social Development Specialist, Development Research Group, The World Bank, and John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard “The author has clearly spent many years on the frontlines of this difficult endeavour, and is surely better placed than most to understand it and to respond constructively to the challenges it presents in the years ahead…”
- William Cole, Senior Director, Governance, Law, and Civil Society, at The Asia Foundation “Reforming Justice is an important contribution to the increasingly critical process of re-examining the assumptions and logic that underlies conventional assistance in this difficult area of international assistance…”
- “Open Trial” June 2012 “The book is comprehensive, wide-ranging, cogently compiled, nuanced and clearly based on very thorough research and experience…”
- Thomas Kirk, London School of Economics: “Global Policy” Vol. 4/1 Feb. 2013 “(Armytage) champions the attainment of rights that political contests have already enshrined within law … and argues that practitioners must recognise the distributional dimension of reform efforts and aim to enhance people’s capability to exercise the individual rights and entitlements associated with legal processes…”
- Jan Kees van Donge: University of PNG: Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2013 “This book arises from a passionate conviction that reforming justice is an essential part of the development agenda … The breadth and quality of discussion makes this book an excellent source for teaching not only on course of law and society but also on courses of evaluation. Students become acquainted with a wide variety of thought that is intelligently brought together. This summing-up does not do justice to the almost encyclopaedic nature of this book…”
Searching for Success in Judicial Reform
Voices from the Asia Pacific Experience
Armytage L. and Metzner L. (Editors)
Oxford University Press 2009
This unique and timely volume presents the collective reform experience of some of the Asia Pacific region’s most skilled judges, court administrators, legal scholars and researchers.
The publication comprises provoking analyses of recent judicial reform programmes undertaken by a cross-section of Forum countries, with contributions from: Deputy Chief Justice Prof Dr Paulus Lotulung, Indonesia; Justice Dr Ananda Bhattarai, Nepal; Justice Kim Sathavy, Cambodia; Prof Dr Mohan Gopal, India; Prof Myrna Feliciano, Philippines; Ms Ayesha Dias, India and Sri Lanka; Ms Zenaida Elepano, Philippines; Ms Anita Jowitt, Vanuatu; Mr Ly Tayseng, Cambodia; Mr Aria Suyudi, Indonesia; and Mr Hari Phuyal, Nepal.
These papers provide a wealth of insights relevant across the region that address many of the modern challenges of justice: exclusion, delay, corruption and incompetence. Analysis of this experience indicates the existence of ten themes, or overarching challenges, which have confronted the passage of judicial reform over recent years. These relate to goals, leadership, independence, capacity for change, training, integration, community, donors, data and results. Any serious contemplation of judicial reform should acknowledge the challenges of practice evidenced in the experience of authors in this collection.
Introduced by Sir Anthony Mason, Chief Justice of Australia 1987-1995
Kluwer Law International (London, Boston, The Hague), 1996
Judicial education is new to the common law tradition of judging. During the past twenty years, the education of judges has become a matter of considerable prominence and debate in the United States, Britain, Canada and Australia, most recently prompted by media complaints of gender and racial bias. This work researches the underlying issues through a comparative analysis of experience across the common law world. The author explores the need for judicial education and how it should be provided. He argues that judicial education is a distinctive process, owing to the imperative for judicial independence and a number of educational considerations. The work offers a model approach for educating judges and provides analysis, reasoned insights and practical assistance for judges and educators to guide future endeavour.
This seminal monograph provides a comprehensive study of judicial education, and forms a part of major collections around the world, including the Bodleian Library University of Oxford, Harvard Law School and the University of Sydney.
What experts have said about “Educating Judges”
Chief Justice of Australia, Robert French, quoted extensively from “Educating Judges” in his paper at The Fourth International Conference on the Training of the Judiciary, Sydney 6 October 2009.
Sir Anthony Mason, Chief Justice of Australia 1987 – 1995 “A comprehensive review of judicial education … an extremely valuable work which will enhance our understanding of issues which are likely to be of critical importance in the near future.”
Dr Charles A. Ericksen, former Vice President, National Center for State Courts, Williamsburg Virginia, USA “Educating Judges” by Livingston Armytage is truly a seminal work which sets the best practice for the field. I found the author’s comprehensive review of judicial education to be invaluable in my own doctoral research. Livingston has provided a much needed resource for judicial educators, researchers and academicians interested in the education, training and development of judicial officers where otherwise there is a significant void in research and scholarship.”
Professor Martin Partington, Dean of Law, University of Bristol; Member, Judicial Studies Board, England “A most masterly survery of the field … and could influence the way we are thinking about (judicial education) in this country.”
Professor John K. Hudzik, Dean, International Studies, Michigan State University; Director, Judicial Education Research & Information Technology Transfer Project “Thorough, well argued and comprehensive in its review of the literature … it offers substantial insight at many points … an important addition to the literature of this just-emerging field.”
Professor Peter Sallmann, Executive Director, Australian Institute of Judicial Administration “A substantial piece of work … and a significant contribution to the body of knowledge of judicial education.”
J. E. Thomas, Robert Peers Emeritus Professor of Adult Education, University of Nottingham “… sophisticated and mature treatment of a vital area of public education.”
Judge John Goldring, District Court of New South Wales; Dean, School of Law, University of Wollongong “Invaluable … contains a wealth of material and references.”
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Judicial Development Toolkits
Pacific Judicial Development Program: PJDP
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Judges’ Orientation Toolkit
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Trainers’ Orientation Toolkit
|Click image to read||Dr. Armytage is editor of ‘Judicial Education & Training’,
the journal of the International Organisation for Judicial Training (IOJT).
He is also founding editor of the ‘Judicial Review’, the journal of the Judicial Commission of New South Wales: The judicial review: selected conference papers: journal of the Judicial Commission of New South Wales, National Library of Australia.
He has also authored numerous peer-reviewed articles in professional journals.
Educating Judges – Where to from here?
Journal of Dispute Resolution, 2015, 167-173
Imperative to Realign the Rule of Law to Promote Justice
Nepal Judicial Academy Law Journal, 2012
Evaluating Aid: an adolescent discipline
Evaluation, 2011 vol. 17(3): 261-276
Judicial reform in Asia: case study of ADB’s experience: 1990-2007
Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 2011 vol. 3: 70-105
Judicial reform in Asia: case study of AusAID’s experience in Papua New Guinea: 2003-2007
Journal of Development Effectiveness, Vol. 2, No. 4, December 2010, 442-467
This case study evaluates the experience of Australia’s aid agency (AusAID) in supporting bilateral judicial reform in Papua New Guinea through its Law and Justice Sector Program between 2003 and 2007.
Legal and judicial reform performance monitoring: the PNG approach
The European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 20, No. 1, March 2008, 141-157, co-authored with Steve Miller
Justice in Afghanistan – Rebuilding Judicial Competence after the Generation of War
Heidelberg Journal of International Law, HJIL/ZaöRV 67,2007, 185-210
Monitoring Performance of Legal and Judicial Reform in International Development Assistance – Early Lessons from Port Moresby & Phnom Penh
International Bar association Chicago Showcase, Judicial Reform: Economic Development and the Rule of Law, 18 September 2006
Training of Judges: Reflections on Principle and International Practice
European Journal of Legal Education, 2005 2(1) EJLE 21-38
Pakistan’s Law & Justice Sector Reform Experience – Some Lessons
Law, Social Justice and Global Development Journal, University of Warwick (LGD) 2003 (2)
Pakistan’s Judicial Reform Program
Australian Law Journal, May 2001
Judicial Education as an Agent of Leadership and Change: Lessons from Common and Civil Law Experience
The Judicial Journal of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (PHILJA) Vol. 5, Issue No. 15, January 2003
Performance Indicators – Evaluating Judicial Education
International Bar Association Newsletter, May 1998; IBA Judges’ Forum Newsletter 6,1, September 1998; and, National Association of State Judicial Educators News 13, Spring 1998
Judging: an Occupation and Skills Analysis – Implications for Educators
National Association of State Judicial Educators News 11, 3, Fall 1996
Judicial Education on Equality – with particular reference to gender and ethnicity
The Modern Law Review, 1995, 58, 160-186
A Review of Aspects of the Specialist Accreditation Program of the Law Society of New South Wales
Centre for Legal Education Sydney, Australia 1995-1996
Evaluating the Impact of Judicial Education
Journal of Judicial Administration, 1995, 4, 1, 143-170
Training for New Judges
Judicial Officers’ Bulletin, 1995, 6, 10, 73-79
Judicial Orientation: 6 Factors Influencing Educational Program Development
International Bar Association, Melbourne, October 1994
Need for Continuing Judicial Education
University of New South Wales Law Journal, 1993, 16, 536-584
Policy Development in Continuing Judicial Education: An Assessment of Some Approaches Taken in New South Wales, United States, United Kingdom and Canada
Journal of Professional Legal Education, 1993, 11, 1, 51-78
Continuing Judicial Education: The Education Program of the Judicial Commission of New South Wales
Journal of Judicial Administration, 1993, 3, 1, 28-46
Founding Editor, The Judicial Review
Judicial Commission of New South Wales, Sydney, 1992-5
New South Wales, Australia Mentoring Profile
Catlin DW, Mentoring in the Judiciary, Lansing, Michigan: JERITT Monograph 2, 1992, 52-59
Towards Professionalism in Continuing Legal Education – Some Questions of Policy and Practice
Journal of Professional Legal Education, 1990, 8, 139-148